Raj Reddy
Wean Hall 5325, School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh PA 15213-3891
412-999-8765   FAX: Scan and email image to rr@cmu.edu 
Short version www.rr.cs.cmu.edu/rrshort.html
Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raj_Reddy

Dr. Raj Reddy is a University Professor of Computer Science and Robotics and Moza Bint Nasser Chair in the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University.  From 1960-63, Dr. Reddy worked as an Applied Science Representative for IBM Corp. in Australia. He was an Assistant Professor of Computer Science at Stanford from 1966-69. He joined the Carnegie Mellon faculty as an Associate Professor of Computer Science in 1969. He became a Full Professor in 1973, and a University Professor in 1984. He served as the founding Director of the Robotics Institute from 1979 to 1991 and as the Dean of School of Computer Science from 1991 to 1999.

Dr. Reddy received a BE degree from the Guindy Engineering College of the University of Madras, India in 1958 and a MTech degree from the University of New South Wales, Australia, in 1960. He received a Ph.D. degree in Computer Science from Stanford University in 1966.

He has been active in AI research for over five decades in the areas of AI, Speech Understanding, Image Understanding, Robotics, Multi-sensor Fusion, and Intelligent Agents.


Dr. Reddy's current research interests include: Technology in Service of Society, Speech to Speech Translation among Indian Languages, Voice Computing for the 3B semi-literate populations at the bottom of the pyramid, Digital Democracy, Learning Science and Technologies, and KG to PG College in Every Village.

His professional honors include: Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America, Fellow of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence, Member of the National Academy of Engineering and Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is also a member of Chinese Academy of Engineering, Indian National Science Academy, and India National Academy of Engineering.  He was president of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence from 1987 to 89. In 2011, he was inducted into inaugural IEEE Intelligent Systems' AI's Hall of Fame.

Dr. Reddy was awarded the Legion of Honor by President Mitterand of France in 1984 and Padma Bhushan by President of India in 2001. He was awarded the ACM Turing Award in 1994, the Okawa Prize in 2004, the Honda Prize in 2005, and the Vannevar Bush Award in 2006. He served as co-chair of the President's Information Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC) from 1999 to 2001.

He has been awarded honorary doctorates (Doctor Honoris Causa) from SV University, Universite Henri-Poincare, University of New South Wales, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, University of Massachusetts, University of Warwick, Anna University, Indian Institute for Information Technology (Allahabad), Andhra University, IIT Kharagpur, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, and Carnegie Mellon University.  He was a founding member of the International Board of Governors of Peres Center for Peace in Israel.

Selected contributions available on the Web

Pre 2000 Papers and Talks

SPEECH-UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS: Final Report of a Study Group, Allen Newell et al, CMU CSD report, May 1971

Speech Recognition by Machine: A Review, Proceedings of the IEEE, 64, 501-531, April 1976

Machine Intelligence and Robotics: Report of the NASA Study Group - Executive Summary, Final Report Carl Sagan (chair), Raj Reddy (vice chair) and others, NASA JPL, September 1979

Task-Oriented Architectures, Bisiani, Mauersberg, and Reddy, Proceedings of IEEE, 71, 7, 885-898, July 1983

“Prof honored”, Mitterrand Visit and Legion of Honor Ceremony. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, OCR corrected copy, original PPG, March 28 1984

“Worlds apart”. Mitterrand Legion of Honor Ceremony, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, OCR corrected copy, original PPG, March 29 1984

“Fitting Honor for Reddy”, Mitterrand Visit and Legion of Honor Ceremony. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Editorial, OCR corrected copy, original PPG, March 29 1984

Foundations and Grand Challenges of Artificial Intelligence, AAAI Presidential Address, 1988.

To Dream the Possible Dream, Turing Award Lecture presented at ACM CS Conference, March 1, 1995

All Authored Works On-Line : A Global Infrastructure for Universal Access to Information. April 1997, new version 4MB Nov 2003

To Err is Human : Computational Limits to Human Thinking - Implications for the Design of User Interfaces. October 1996; new version June 2004

Towards Teleportation, Time Travel and Immortality, ACM 50th Anniversary Conference, March 1997

A Gigabit National Data Grid/Fiber-to-the-Home Initiative for Computer Mediated Communications. June 1997

2000-2009 Talks

Towards a Dependable Self Healing Network, white paper for Congressional Testimony, March 2000

Implications of Infinite Memory and Bandwidth, Talk presented at Newell-Simon Hall Dedication Symposium, October 19, 2000

Computing - The Next 10 years, Talk presented at Georgia Tech 10th Anniversary Convocation, April 6, 2001

Sustainable ICT for Emerging Economies  Talk presented at NSF-UN-World Bank conference on Technologies for Sustainable Development, Bangalore, India, Jan 2004

Speech Recognition – A 50 Year Retrospective, Invited Paper presented at Acoustical Society of America Conf 2004 session in Honor of Contributions of James Flanagan, Nov 15, 2004

PCtvt: a multifunction information appliance for illiterate people  Talk presented at ICT4B  retreat at UC Berkeley, August 26, 2004 (6MB); at Stanford May 11, 2005

A Multifunction Information Appliance for Emerging Economies: Mythology and Reality of the Digital Divide Problem Talk presented at MIT workshop on future platforms Aug 1, 2005

The Role of Information Technology at the Bottom of the Pyramid, talk at CMU Oct 5th and 6th, 2005

Million Book Digital Library Project: Research Issues in Data Mining and Text Mining, with Jaime Carbonell, Talk presented at International Conference on Data Mining, Nov 28, 2005 and MSR India TechVista Symposium, Jan 12, 2006

The Disruptive Future of Telecom, with Rahul Tongia, talk presented at World Telecom Development Conference, WTDC 06, March 7, 2006

Reflections on Early AI and CS at Stanford: 1963 – 1969 and Beyond, Talk presented at Stanford CS40th Anniversary Symposium, March 22, 2006

The New Bill of Rights of Information Society, with Jaime Carbonell, Talk presented at Google, March 23, 2006

Back to The Future: Early Role of EAF in Divining the Future of AI, Talk presented at Edward A. Feigenbaum 70th Festschrift, March 26, 2006

Robotics and Intelligent Systems in Support of Society, IEEE Transactions Intelligent Systems, 21, 3, 24-31, 2006

Spoken Language Systems: The Unfinished Agenda, ICSLP Plenary Speech at the Interspeech 2006, Pittsburgh, Pa. Sep 22, 2006

Creating Rural Wealth using ICT and Wireless, Invited Talk at the Indian Economic Association Annual Conference, Kurukshetra University, India, Dec 28, 2006

Applications of Intelligent Systems and Robotics in Service of Society, Keynote Speech at IJCAI 2007, Hyderabad, India, Jan 10, 2007

Luck favors the Prepared Mind - Reflections on a Scientific Career, Talk at the Journey series at CMU, October 8, 2007

Technology in Service of Society, Talk at Microsoft Research Asia 10th Anniversary symposium, Beijing, November 4, 2008

Alternative Visions for Computer Science, China Computer Science Vision 2020 Talk, Tsinghua University, Beijing, October 13, 2009

2010-2015 Talks

Educating a Child Machine: The Unfinished Agenda of Human-Level AI, Microsoft Research Symposium, March 9, 2012

Creating a Child Machine: Reflections on Turing’s Proposal, Talk at ACM Turing Centenary Celebration, San Francisco. June 15-16, 2012

Homo Connecticus: Implications for Life in a Connected Planet, Talk Presented at the Israel Presidential Conference, June 20, 2012

Who Invented the Computer? Babbage, Atanasoff, Zuse, Turing or von Neumann? Talk given at Heidelberg Laureates Forum on Origins of Computing, Sep 23, 2013

Role of Technology Innovation in Creating a Truly Humane Society, Talk presented at Honda Foundation Laureates Symposium, Tokyo, Japan, Nov 14, 2014

Computational Limits to Human Thinking, Talk presented at MSR India 10th Anniversary Symposium, Bangalore, India, Jan 23, 2015

2016-2017 Talks

KG to PG Online Micro-University in Every Village, Talk presented to HRD Ministry of AP. July 5, 2016

Anytime, Anywhere Anyone (AAA) Internet Voting in India, Talk presented at Election Commission of India, August 2, 2016

Disruptive Future of Education, Talk presented at VC conference, India, August 11, 2016

The Role of Smart Villages in the 21st Century, Keynote speech, IKCEST symposium, Beijing, Sep 4 2016

RI, NREC, and the Future of Robotics, Invited talk at NREC 25 Anniversary symposium, Pittsburgh, Pa. Sep 8, 2016

Voice Computing and Reaching the 3B People at the Bottom of the Pyramid, Talk presented at Heidelberg Laureate Forum, Sep 20, 2016.

Too Much Information and Too Little Time, Talk presented at Heidelberg Laureate Forum, Sep 22, 2016.  Video

IoT Intensive Smart Cities Enable Innovative Engineering Industries, Keynote Speech at International Forum on Innovation and Emerging Industries Development (IEID), Shanghai, China, Nov 1, 2016

Internet Enabled AI and Big Data Applications in Service of Society, Talk at 3rd World Internet Conference, Wuzhen China, Nov 17 2016

Preserving Our Past and Present for the Future Generations, Keynote at International Conference on Digital Resources Sharing and Applications, Hangzhou, China, June 15, 2017

Challenges in Ethics of AI, Panel at ACM 50 Years of Turing Awards Conference, June 23, 2017

Creating a Humane Society through Computational Social Science, Keynote Speech at Web Intelligence WI 17 Conference Leipzig Germany, Aug 25, 2017

COGs: Towards Universal Enduring Personal Cognition Amplifiers, Keynote Speech at IBM Cognitive Colloquium, Yorktown Heights, Sep 18, 2017

Guardian Angels and Cognition Amplifiers: AI 2.0 Technologies in Support of Humankind, Keynote Speech at UNESCO IKCEST symposium on Knowledge Service and AI, Hangzhou, China, Sep 28, 2017

Universal Copyright and UNESCO Distributed Digital Archive, Talk at IKCEST Advisory Board Meeting, Sep 29, 2018

KaaS: Knowledge as a Service, Plenary Speech at Innovation and Emerging Industry Development conference, Shanghai, Nov 7-8, 2017

Big Data Driven Innovation and Next Generation AI, Speech at Innovation and Emerging Industry Development conference, Shanghai, Nov 7-8, 2017

2018 -2019 Talks

AI 2.0 in Service of Humankind:  Special Topic Celebrating 50th Anniversary of CMU, Talk to CMU Alumni Association, Singapore, Jan 23

Creating a Humane Society Using AI: Role of Cognition Amplifiers and Guardian Angels, Talk at ACM China Conference, Shanghai, May 19, 2018

Back to The Future: Divining the Future of AI, Talk at MSRA, Beijing, May 31, 2018

Reaching the Three Billion People at The Bottom of the Pyramid, Talk at Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, June 6, 2018

Impact of AI on Services Industry, Keynote Speech at the 2018 IEEE World Congress on Services, San Francisco, July 3, 2018

AI: Future Opportunities, Plenary Speech at World AI Conference, Shanghai, September 17, 2018

AI: Background, History and Future Opportunities, Invited Speech at IKCEST, Hangzhou, China, Oct 26, 2018

AI: Background and Future Opportunities, Talk at MSRA 20th Anniversary Meeting, Beijing, Nov 6, 2018

AI Enabled Universal Healthcare, Presented at Global Digital Health Summit, New Delhi, Feb 27, 2019

Back to the Future: Past, Present and Future of AI, Keynote Speech MSRA 21st Century Computing, Shanghai China, Aug 30, 2019

Knowledge As A Service (KaaS): Inventing the Future using AI, Keynote Talk at the IKCEST Conference 2019, Xian, China, Sep 11, 2019

Grand Challenges of AI: The Unfinished Agenda, Presented at the Heidelberg Laureate Forum, Sep 27, 2019

2020 Talks

Using AI to Eliminate Covid Lockdowns, Presented at MSRA (June 16) and World AI Conference I(short version), Tianjin, China, June 22, 2020

An AI Solution to Covid-19 Lockdown Problem: Technology for Eliminating Lockdowns in the Post-Pandemic Era, Heidelberg Laureates Forum, Sep 23, 2020

AI and Ethics - Creating a Humane Society: Human Rights and Basic Necessities, INK Conference on Monk & Machine - Ethics and Wisdom in the Age of Exponential Technologies, Sep 25, 2020

AI in Service of Society of India, PMs Plenary Session, RAISE Conference, Delhi, India, Oct 5, 2020

Empowering the People at the Bottom of the Pyramid Using AI: Bridging The Literacy Divide and Language Divide with Voice Enabled AI, Keynote, Panel on Bridging Communications and Linguistic Barriers, RAISE Conference, Delhi, India, Oct 6, 2020

AI 2.0 in Service of Humankind: Tele-Robotics for Disaster Rescue, Telerobotics & 5G, Building Platform for Digital Nomads, RAISE Conference, Delhi, India, Oct 7, 2020

Computational Limits to Human Thinking in a Society with Too Much Information And Too Little Time, 2020 Global AI Conference, Hangzhou, China, Oct 16, 2020

No More Lockdowns? An Agenda to Eliminate Lockdowns the Post-Pandemic Era, World Laureates Forum, Shanghai, Oct 29, 2020

AI Enabled Universal Healthcare - Population Scale Healthcare Problems, ALL.AI Summit, Hyderabad, Oct 12, 2020

AI: Background, History and Future Opportunities, MIT MBA Seminar, Oct 30, 2020

Future of Education - NEP 2020 and Post-Covid Consequences, Inaugural Lecture at Punjab Engineering College Centenary Lecture Series, Nov 11, 2020

The Inaugural Raj Reddy Artificial Intelligence Lecture, Carnegie Mellon, Nov 18, 2020.

2021 Talks

AI in Service of PURA: Enabling Dr Kalam’s Vision of Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Foundation Online Conference on “AI for India - A Vision for a Developed Nation”, January 21, 2021

Some Implications of Cognitive Science for K-12 Education, Workshop on Cognitive and Neuro-Sciences and Education, IIIT-H, Feb 11, 2021

Jaime Carbonell, JGC Memorial Service Talk, Carnegie Mellon, March 3, 2021

AI: Background, History and Future Opportunities, Talk at IIT Tirupathi,  April 7, 2021

ISR Graduation Talk, Carnegie Mellon, May 22, 2021

2021 Computer History Museum Fellow Awards Honoring Raj Reddy, Computer History Museum, Mountain View, Ca. June 23, 2021

Future Role of Statistics in AI,Talk at Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, June 29, 2021

Emerging Technologies and Implications for the Future of Education: Dr. YSR’s Legacy to AP: Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, YSR Memorial Lecture at RGUKT, Nuzvidu, AP, July 8, 2021

The Million Book Project: 20 Year Retrospective, MBP20 Anniversary Celebration, Carnegie Mellon, Aug 23-26.  Youtube

AI in Service of Society of India, Global AI Summit on Responsible AI for Social Empowerment (RAISE 2020), Delhi, India, Oct 5-7

Future of Education: Post-Covid Scenarios for Transforming Education, Intel India Conclave on Technology and Higher Education, Oct 21, 2021

Personal Early History of AI, Talk given at CMU Course historical advances in machine learning (and AI) taught by Aditya Ramdas, Carnegie Mellon, Oct 27

AI in Service of Society, World Laureates Association Digital Innovation Talk, Shanghai, Oct 30, 2021

AI to Empower People at the Bottom-of-the-Pyramid, World Laureates Association Mobius Forum 3 min talk, Shanghai, Oct 31, 2021

Future of AI, Presentation at PRAIRE institute, Paris, Nov 9, 2021

Universal Access to Knowledge, Indic Wiki Symposium, IIIT-H, Hyderabad, Nov 17, 2021

Fortune at the Bottom-of-the-Pyramid Enabled by AI and Spoken Language Communication, Talk at Mohammed Bin Zayed University of Artificial Intelligence, Nov 20, 2021

Universal Access to Knowledge: The Million Book Project and CADAL, Talk at 20th Anniversary of CADAL Million Book Project, Hangzhou, China.  Nov 29, 2021